In this traditional ball game, also called ‘sepak takraw’, a ball about the size of the palm and made of woven strips of bamboo or a rattan is kicked using the legs or any part of the body except the hands. There are two main types of the sepak raga; the original form is ‘sepak raga bulatan’ or a circle where the team tries to keep the ball aloft as long as possible. The modern ‘sepak raga jaring’ or net court form is now played in international competitions.



This type of top is used for long-running spinning competition. In the competition, the spinner will need two assistants. One will hold an object shape like a small bladed scoop of a thin wooden bat (cokok) about 60 cm long. The other will hold an article which looks like a short truncheon (lopak) about 45.7 cm in diameter. The longest running spinning top in Kelantan is recorded to spin for one hour and 45 minutes.


The top of the rebana ubi or giant drum is made from buffalo hide. The lower part of the drum is hollow and about 0.6 metres in diameters. It is an important traditional Malay musical instrument used not only as accompaniment during various ceremonial rites but also for recreation and competitions. At the end of each harvesting season, villages challenge each other in the art of drum beating. The judges award points on the timing, rhythm, and style of the player as well as the tone of the rebana. On such occasion, the player may be so engrossed in the beating the drum that he has to be forcibly taken away.


The Malay art of self defence is a highly stylized performance. The word ‘silat’ is applied to the various sequences of grateful demonstration of how one may defend oneself without weapons. Silat is often staged at weddings where the silat expert or ‘pendekar’ entertains the audience with his highly practised routine of self defence arts. A silat performance is usually accompanied by the beating of gongs, drums, and wood wind (serunai) instruments.


‘Wau’ or kite flying is another popular pastime of the Kelantanese. The kites come in all sizes and shapes, the most popular being the ‘wau bulan’ or moon kite which measures about 3.5m from head to tail. Kelantan kites are fashioned in various forms with appropriate names to match them. As it sails into the breeze which carries it aloft for all to see, it looks like it is dancing in the air. Pre-harvest time is the best to visit and watch these kites gliding above rustic, rural villages. For tourists, small kites meant for souvenirs are easy to carry home and can be found everywhere in Kota Bharu.


Kertok is mainly made of the coconut shell. The coconut shell is emptied. Then, a wooden plank (belira) is placed on top of the shell. Two wooden sticks are fixed on both sides of the shell to prevent the wooden plank from falling down when the kertok is beaten.
A wooden stick about 1 foot long with the end striped, with rubber scraps, is used to beat the wooden plank to produce a rhythmic tone.
Kertok is played in groups of eight or ten for leisure or in competition. Each group is given a chance to show their performance and the winner is decided by the tone and rhythm produced and the showmanship of the group players.