Ada Cara Untuk Mempelajari Bahasa Inggeris Dengan Berkesan

PERBAHASAN mengenai pembelajaran Bahasa Inggeris sebagai bahasa kedua yang penting dengan penekanan yang lebih akan berterusan sehingga kerajaan mencari jalan penyelesaian yang drastik dan baik untuk semua pihak.
Semoga ia akan dapat dilaksanakan dengan cepat, sebelum terlambat.
Adalah amat menyedihkan untuk melihat para pelajar sekolah menengah serta graduan universiti kita bergelut untuk bercakap Bahasa Inggeris dengan sempurna.
Baru-baru ini, semasa kami membincangkan isu ini dengan seorang kawan, K.Andrew Raj yang merupakan seorang tutor Bahasa Inggeris, beliau berkata bahawa beliau juga menghadapi masalah yang sama untuk mendidik pelajar yang menghadiri kelas Bahasa Inggerisnya.
Beliau berkata, tahap pemahaman Bahasa Inggeris, sama ada dalam bentuk penulisan ataupun lisan di kalangan generasi muda masa kini secara keseluruhan agak menurun.
Malah, kekurangan kemahiran komunikasi yang baik dalam Bahasa Inggeris di kalangan graduan universiti telah sering dikatakan sebagai salah satu daripada sebab utama ketidakupayaan mereka untuk mendapatkan pekerjaan yang baik.
Dalam era ledakan maklumat dan kemajuan komunikasi yang pesat, kita tahu bahawa ilmu pengetahuan adalah kunci ke arah meningkatkan pembangunan ekonomi negara kita dan hubungan antarabangsa.
Justeru itu, kemahiran dalam bahasa berkenaan dalam semua aspek – membaca, kefahaman, penulisan, mendengar, kosa kata, ungkapan dan pertuturan adalah amat penting.
Bahasa Inggeris merupakan medium yang paling penting di mana pengetahuan disebarkan.
Malangnya, menurut Timbalan Perdana Menteri Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin, ramai pelajar masih tidak dapat menguasai Bahasa Inggeris walaupun mereka belajar bahasa tersebut di sekolah selama 13 tahun.
Dua tahun yang lalu, ada laporan mengatakan bahawa pihak berkuasa di Beijing mahu kebanyakan penduduknya belajar Bahasa Inggeris dalam proses mentrasformasikan ibu negara Cina itu menjadi sebuah “bandar dunia”.
Bagaimana pula dengan kita?
Kita perlu menguasai pengunaan Bahasa Inggeris jika kita hendak mencapai kemajuan secara global. Tidak cukup jika hanya beberapa menteri, pemimpin korporat, para penulis dan warga yang berpendidikan sekolah Bahasa Inggeris di samping sebilangan kecil golongan muda boleh bertutur dalam bahasa berkenaan dengan lancar.
Kita harus bersepakat dan segera mencari jalan untuk memulihkan keadaan yang semakin buruk ini.
Terdapat beberapa sebab mengapa seseorang itu gagal untuk bertutur dalam Bahasa Inggeris: malu; takut; enggan cuba untuk bertutur; bercampur dengan orang yang tidak memberi galakkan; membandingkan diri sendiri dengan orang yang lebih fasih; segan bercakap dengan orang yang lebih fasih; masalah pemahaman dan akhir sekali, tidak yakin pada diri sendiri.
Kita perlu mewujudkan peluang untuk bercakap dalam Bahasa Inggeris di sekolah, tempat kerja, semasa waktu rehat, bergaul dengan orang lain yang boleh bertutur bahasa tersebut, menjawab panggilan telefon, di restoran berbahasa Inggeris dan dengan ahli keluarga.
Penggunaan bahasa itu juga boleh ditingkatkan ketika menggunakan internet – menghantar email, semasa bertemu dengan orang asing (pelancong), di premis perniagaan (pasar raya, agensi pelancongan, klinik, syarikat insurans, panggung wayang, dan lain-lain), menghadiri kelas Bahasa Inggeris atau menyertai kelab/persatuan Bahasa Inggeris.
Pelajar-pelajar kami sering bertanya, ‘Mengapakah sesetengah orang boleh bertutur dalam Bahasa Inggeris dengan baik dan lancar?’ Jawapannya ialah ‘persekitaran’.
Kami sering memberitahu mereka bahawa sesetengah orang boleh bercakap Bahasa Inggeris dengan sempurna kerana mereka telah dibesarkan oleh ibu bapa atau penjaga yang bertutur dalam berbahasa Inggeris dalam konteks harian.
Ia mungkin juga kerana mereka berpendidikan Inggeris dari kecil. Ada yang fasih sebab mereka sering merantau atau pernah bermastautin di negara yang bertutur dalam berbahasa Inggeris.
Sesetengah orang boleh bercakap dengan baik mungkin kerana mereka telah menemui pasangan hidup atau pembantu rumah yang hanya boleh bertutur dalam Bahasa Inggeris.
Ada yang pandai bertutur dalam bahasa berkenaan setelah bekerja dalam persekitaran pejabat/syarikat yang hanya menggunakan Bahasa Inggeris sebagai bahasa penghantaran atau bekerja dalam industri pelancongan dan hospitaliti.
Kami sentiasa memaklumkan kepada pelajar kelas Bahasa Inggeris kami bahawa terdapat beberapa perkara yang “Boleh dan Tidak Boleh” dilakukan dalam pembelajaran bahasa ini.
Seseorang pelajar tidak boleh duduk diam apabila mendengar Bahasa Inggeris bahkan berdiri atau duduk dengan postur yang tidak baik semasa belajar.
Mereka tidak harus menyimpan tanggapan negatif tentang Bahasa Inggeris atau diri sendiri seperti, “Bahasa Inggeris adalah susah untuk dipelajar.”
Apakah yang perlu dilakukan ialah, sentiasa memberi tumpuan di dalam kelas. Kami menggalakkan mereka untuk menggerakkan badan mereka semasa belajar Bahasa Inggeris selain menggunakan gerak isyarat kerana pergerakan itu boleh membantu mengingatkan perkataan/frasa yang sukar.
Mereka juga diingatkan supaya belajar untuk mendengar secara teliti, sentiasa mengamalkan kepercayaan positif mengenai Bahasa Inggeris dan diri sendiri.
Contohnya, “Bahasa Inggeris adalah baik bagi saya dan saya akan belajar bertutur dengan fasih!”
Kami sering mengingatkan para pelajar supaya sentiasa senyum semasa belajar Bahasa Inggeris, membaca cerita-cerita pendek untuk belajar dengan cepat.
Mereka juga dilatih supaya menggambarkan diri mereka berbahasa Inggeris dengan lancar selain memberi tumpuan dan menikmati pembelajaran tanpa tekanan.
Terdapat juga sepuluh cara untuk meningkatkan kebolehan mereka yang mahu belajar untuk bertutur Bahasa Inggeris iaitu mereka harus mendengar stesen radio Inggeris, menonton filem dan saluran televisyen Inggeris, nyanyi lagu karaoke bahasa tersebut dengan menggunakan liriknya di samping melancong ke negara-negara yang berbahasa Inggeris.
Yang paling penting, mereka harus mendaftar dengan pusat latihan yang memberi kursus pertuturan Bahasa Inggeris.
Seseorang itu harus sentiasa bergaul dengan rakan sekolah atau sekerja yang fasih bertutur dalam Bahasa Inggeris. Kita mesti belajar bahasa berkenaan seolah-olah mempelajari sesuatu ‘permainan baru’ yang penuh dengan keseronokan dan rasa teruja.
Kami sentiasa mengingatkan kelas kami bahawa: “Bahasa Inggeris adalah seperti satu permainan yang mudah dipelajari jikalau seseorang itu mendengar dengan teliti, memberi tumpuan di dalam kelas, cuba bertutur dengan yakin dan rindu untuk mencapai matlamat!”
Advertisements

READING: Sad to see teens glued to gadgets rather than books

READING is one of the best habits. Through it one can gain much knowledge. Reading will also help us to improve our lives.

Sadly, I notice that teenagers nowadays lack an interest in reading. When I take public transport, I notice they will be playing with their electronic gadgets or sending SMSes.

Otherwise, they will just look at other people or stare at something.

Teenagers should realise that reading, especially on current events, will help them relate better to the world. Reading also helps to reduce stress.

I began by reading one page a day and now reading has become a habit for me wherever I am.

Reading also acts as an energiser of sorts when I am down.

I know we can obtain quick information on the Internet, but bear in my mind that reading is more than getting information.

Reading improves our thinking and writing skills. It improves discipline and builds our self esteem, too.

LEARNING CHINESE IN 5 EASY MINUTES

Be sure to read Aloud to get the full effects!
This is good for practising the pronunciations with Pinyin!
[English phrase] — [Chinese phrase]
Are you harboring a fugitive? — Hu Yu Hai Ding?
See me A.S.A.P — Kum Hia Nao
Stupid Man — Dum Gai
Small Horse — Tai Ni Po Ni
Did you go to the beach? — Wai Yu So Tan?
I bumped into the coffee table — Ai Bang Mai Ni
I think you need a facelift — Chin Tu Fat
It is very dark in here — Wai So Dim?
Has your flight been delayed? — Hao Long Wei Ting?
That was an unauthorized execution — Lin Ching
I thought you were on a diet? — Wai Yu Mun Ching?
This is a tow away zone — No Pah King
Do you know the lyrics to the Macarena? — Wai Yu Sing Dum Song?
You are not very bright — Yu So Dum
I got this for free — Ai No Pei
I am not guilty — Wai Hang Mi?
Please, stay a while longer — Wai Go Nao?
Our meeting was scheduled for next week — Wai Yu Kum Nao?
They have arrived — Hia Dei Kum
Stay out of sight — Lei Lo
He is cleaning his automobile — Wa Shing Ka
Your body odour is offensive — Yu Stin Ki Pu

All about ASAP and FYI and FYA

By CHRISTINE JALLEH
ONE day, a colleague turned to me and asked, “What’s FYI?”
“For your information.”
“What’s FYA?”
“For your action.”
“What’s WRT?”
“With reference to…”
Before the conversation dragged on any further, I quickly looked up a website on acronyms used in business communications and sent it to him via e-mail.
This conversation made me realise that the full meaning of many acronyms and abbreviations may not be immediately apparent for many people – students or working adults alike.
For starters, an acronym is a word created from combining the initial letters of each word.
For example, For your action.
An abbreviation is a word shortened from its original form. For example, “Attn.” is an abbreviation of the word “attention” to convey the meaning “for the attention of”.
In general, a full stop is used for abbreviations where the last letter of the word and the abbreviation are not the same. For example, “Co.” (Company) needs a full stop but “Ltd” (Limited) does not. Acronyms do not need punctuation marks.
Below are some frequently used short forms in business communication like e-mails, faxes and letters:
a.k.a. – also known as
On Monday morning, Kay El, a.k.a. The Boss, walked in happily and greeted her assistant, Pee Jay.
approx. – approximately
Checking her e-mail, Pee Jay read, “Today is the boss’s birthday. Can everyone please slip off quietly to the cafeteria in approx. 15 minutes?”
ASAP – as soon as possible
Pee Jay opened up her daily planner and scribbled ASAP next to some of the urgent items on her to-do list.
Attn. – for the attention of
Leafing through the stack of mail to be sent out, Pee Jay asked her boss, “To whom should I address the cheque for the annual report?”
Her boss replied, “Just write ‘Attn: Ms. Chris-tine Jalleh’. She’ll know what to do with it.”
Bcc. – blind carbon copy or blind copy to. In this case, the carbon copy is sent to an e-mail recipient whose e-mail address is not visible to the cc or other bcc recipients.
“By the way, I think it’s better if you bcc me in your e-mail to Brown. We wouldn’t want him thinking that I’m supervising you for this project.”
Cc. – carbon copy, or copy to
“But I would like to be cc-ed on the e-mail to Mr Green as I have not yet introduced the both of you to each other.”
c/o – in care of, used when sending a document to A who will receive it on B’s behalf because B is away from the office.
“Boss, I think Christine is back in China this week. Would it be all right if I sent the cheque in care of her assistant? I’ll still write her name on top with c/o Ah Sis Tern below.”
COD – cash on delivery, where a person makes payment for an item purchase after it has been delivered.
“I’m also sending out the cheque for the set of Business English reference books we bought COD on eBay.”
e.g. – exempli gratia (for example)
Pee Jay replied to the e-mail, “Hi everyone. Please remember that the boss doesn’t like surprises, e.g. everyone shouting ‘Surprise!’ in the cafeteria.”
et al. – et alii (and others). Usually used to list co-authors after the lead author in a bibliography, this form is now popularly used to address the other people other than the recipient in e-mails.
She received a new e-mail, which read, “Dear Pee Jay et al., I was reminded that the boss does NOT like surprises …”
etc. – et cetera (and so on OR and so forth)
This means that we will not be able to collectively surprise her by springing out of the cafeteria doors as we had planned, etc.
exc. – except
“Can everyone, exc. Pee Jay, be at the cafeteria in 5 minutes? We need to figure out a surprise without the surprise element. Thanks!”
FYI – for your information
Her boss’s voice brought the young assistant back to the present, “Pee Jay, I’m forwarding you all these e-mails FYI, okay?”
FYA – for your action
“Note that some of these e-mails are FYA …”
i.e. – id est (that is)
After acknowledging her supervisor, Pee Jay decided to help her colleagues out and typed, “She’s in a good mood today, i.e. we won a new account and completed a major project.”
K – thousand, e.g. 450K = 450,000
“Just to give you an idea of her mood, it’s a 450K retainer for the first quarter …”
PA – personal assistant
The immediate reply to Pee Jay’s e-mail read, “Thanks for the info, Pee Jay – you’re the best PA!”
p.a. – per annum (per year)
Pee Jay smiled and responded, “Haha, there is a reason why I’m paid RM65K p.a.”
p.p. – per pro (used when signing a document on someone’s behalf)
Looking back at her paperwork, Pee Jay signed some invoices on her boss’s behalf, inserting p.p. just before her signature.
Pto. – please turn over, used at the end of a page to indicate that there is a continuity to the text.
“By the way, please remember to type Pto. on the first page of the proposal you’re sending. The last time we sent it to him, he forgot to read the subsequent pages,” chimed in Kay El.
viz. – videlicet, namely
She got up and left a note on Pee Jay’s work station before leaving. Scribbled on it was, “Can I pass you my slice of birthday cake after I cut it? I really don’t need a lot of carbo, viz. refined flour, at my age.” The note ended with a wink.
Readers can go to http://www.acronymfinder.com/ to search for the meanings of over 4 million acronyms and abbreviations. This online dictionary also allows users to filter their search according to categories like information technology (IT), military and government, business and finance, science and medicine, organisations and schools, andslang and pop culture.

I’ve learned……………


I’ve learned
that you cannot make someone love you.
All you can do is
be someone who can be loved.
The rest is up to them.

I’ve learned –
that no matter how much I care,
some people just don’t care back.

I’ve learned –
that it takes years to build up trust,
and only seconds to destroy it.

I’ve learned –
that it’s not what you have in your life
but who you have in your life that counts.

I’ve learned –
that you can get by on charm
for about fifteen minutes.
After that, you’d better know something.

I’ve learned –
that you shouldn’t compare
yourself to the best others can do
but to the best you can do.

I’ve learned –
that it’s not what happens to people
that’s important. It’s what they do about it.

I’ve learned –
that you can do something in an instant
that will give you heartache for life.

I’ve learned –
that no matter how thin you slice it,
there are always two sides.

I’ve learned –
that it’s taking me a long time
to become the person I want to be.

I’ve learned –
that it’s a lot easier
to react than it is to think.

I’ve learned –
that you should always leave
loved ones withloving words.
It may be the last time you see them.

I’ve learned –
that you can keep going
long after you think you can’t.

I’ve learned –
that we are responsible for what we do,
no matter how we feel.

I’ve learned –
that either you control your attitude
or it controls you.

I’ve learned –
that regardless of how hot and steamy
a relationship is at first,
the passion fades and there had better be
something else to take its place.

I’ve learned –
that heroes are the people
who do what has to be done
when it needs to be done,
regardless of the consequences.

I’ve learned –
that learning to forgive takes practice.

I’ve learned –
that there are people who love you dearly,
but just don’t know how to show it.

I’ve learned –
that money is a lousy way of keeping score.

I’ve learned –
that my best friend and I can do anything
or nothing and have the best time.

I’ve learned –
that sometimes the people you expect
to kick you when you’re down
will be the ones to help you get back up.

I’ve learned –
that sometimes when I’m angry
I have the right to be angry,
but that doesn’t give me
the right to be cruel.

I’ve learned –
that true friendship continues to grow,
even over the longest distance.
Same goes for true love.

I’ve learned –
that just because someone doesn’t love you
the way you want them to doesn’t mean
they don’t love you with all they have.

I’ve learned –
that maturity has more to do with
what types of experiences you’ve had
and what you’ve learned from them
and less to do with how many
birthdays you’ve celebrated.

I’ve learned _
that you should never tell a child
their dreams are unlikely or outlandish.
Few things are more humiliating, and
what a tragedy it would be
if they believed it.

I’ve learned –
that your family won’t always
be there for you. It may seem funny,
but people you aren’t related to
can take care of you and love you
and teach you to trust people again.
Families aren’t biological.

I’ve learned –
that no matter how good a friend is,
they’re going to hurt you
every once in a while
and you must forgive them for that.

I’ve learned –
that it isn’t always enough
to be forgiven by others.
Sometimes you have to learn
to forgive yourself.

I’ve learned –
that no matter how bad
your heart is broken
the world doesn’t stop for your grief.

I’ve learned –
that our background and circumstances
may have influenced who we are,
but we are responsible for who we become.

I’ve learned –
that sometimes when my friends fight,
I’m forced to choose sides
even when I don’t want to.

I’ve learned –
that just because two people argue,
it doesn’t mean they don’t love each other
And just because they don’t argue,
it doesn’t mean they do.

I’ve learned –
that sometimes you have to put
the individual ahead of their actions.

I’ve learned –
that we don’t have to change friends
if we understand that friends change.

I’ve learned –
that you shouldn’t be so
eager to find out a secret.
It could change your life forever.

I’ve learned –
that two people can look
at the exact same thing
and see something totally different.

I’ve learned –
that no matter how you try to protect
your children, they will eventually get hurt
and you will hurt in the process.

I’ve learned –
that there are many ways of falling
and staying in love.

I’ve learned –
that no matter the consequences,
those who are honest with themselves
get farther in life.

I’ve learned –
that no matter how many friends you have,
if you are their pillar you will feel lonely
and lost at the times you need them most.

I’ve learned –
that your life can be changed
in a matter of hours
by people who don’t even know you.

I’ve learned –
that even when you think
you have no more to give,
when a friend cries out to you,
you will find the strength to help.

I’ve learned –
that writing, as well as talking,
can ease emotional pains.

I’ve learned –
that the paradigm we live in
is not all that is offered to us.

I’ve learned –
that credentials on the wall
do not make you a decent human being.

I’ve learned –
that the people you care most about in life
are taken from you too soon.

I’ve learned –
that although the word “love”
can have many different meanings,
it loses value when overly used.

I’ve learned –
that it’s hard to determine
where to draw the line
between being nice and
not hurting people’s feelings
and standing up for what you believe.

copyrights to: Kathy Kane Hansen

LEARNING CHINESE IN 5 EASY MINUTES

Be sure to read Aloud to get the full effects!
This is good for practising the pronunciations with Pinyin!
[English phrase] — [Chinese phrase]
Are you harboring a fugitive? — Hu Yu Hai Ding?
See me A.S.A.P — Kum Hia Nao
Stupid Man — Dum Gai
Small Horse — Tai Ni Po Ni
Did you go to the beach? — Wai Yu So Tan?
I bumped into the coffee table — Ai Bang Mai Ni
I think you need a facelift — Chin Tu Fat
It is very dark in here — Wai So Dim?
Has your flight been delayed? — Hao Long Wei Ting?
That was an unauthorized execution — Lin Ching
I thought you were on a diet? — Wai Yu Mun Ching?
This is a tow away zone — No Pah King
Do you know the lyrics to the Macarena? — Wai Yu Sing Dum Song?
You are not very bright — Yu So Dum
I got this for free — Ai No Pei
I am not guilty — Wai Hang Mi?
Please, stay a while longer — Wai Go Nao?
Our meeting was scheduled for next week — Wai Yu Kum Nao?
They have arrived — Hia Dei Kum
Stay out of sight — Lei Lo
He is cleaning his automobile — Wa Shing Ka
Your body odour is offensive — Yu Stin Ki Pu

All about ASAP and FYI and FYA

By CHRISTINE JALLEH
ONE day, a colleague turned to me and asked, “What’s FYI?”
“For your information.”
“What’s FYA?”
“For your action.”
“What’s WRT?”
“With reference to…”
Before the conversation dragged on any further, I quickly looked up a website on acronyms used in business communications and sent it to him via e-mail.
This conversation made me realise that the full meaning of many acronyms and abbreviations may not be immediately apparent for many people – students or working adults alike.
For starters, an acronym is a word created from combining the initial letters of each word. For example, For your action.
An abbreviation is a word shortened from its original form. For example, “Attn.” is an abbreviation of the word “attention” to convey the meaning “for the attention of”.
In general, a full stop is used for abbreviations where the last letter of the word and the abbreviation are not the same. For example, “Co.” (Company) needs a full stop but “Ltd” (Limited) does not. Acronyms do not need punctuation marks.
Below are some frequently used short forms in business communication like e-mails, faxes and letters:
a.k.a. – also known as
On Monday morning, Kay El, a.k.a. The Boss, walked in happily and greeted her assistant, Pee Jay.
approx. – approximately
Checking her e-mail, Pee Jay read, “Today is the boss’s birthday. Can everyone please slip off quietly to the cafeteria in approx. 15 minutes?”
ASAP – as soon as possible
Pee Jay opened up her daily planner and scribbled ASAP next to some of the urgent items on her to-do list.
Attn. – for the attention of
Leafing through the stack of mail to be sent out, Pee Jay asked her boss, “To whom should I address the cheque for the annual report?”
Her boss replied, “Just write ‘Attn: Ms. Chris-tine Jalleh’. She’ll know what to do with it.”
Bcc. – blind carbon copy or blind copy to. In this case, the carbon copy is sent to an e-mail recipient whose e-mail address is not visible to the cc or other bcc recipients.
“By the way, I think it’s better if you bcc me in your e-mail to Brown. We wouldn’t want him thinking that I’m supervising you for this project.”
Cc. – carbon copy, or copy to
“But I would like to be cc-ed on the e-mail to Mr Green as I have not yet introduced the both of you to each other.”
c/o – in care of, used when sending a document to A who will receive it on B’s behalf because B is away from the office.
“Boss, I think Christine is back in China this week. Would it be all right if I sent the cheque in care of her assistant? I’ll still write her name on top with c/o Ah Sis Tern below.”
COD – cash on delivery, where a person makes payment for an item purchase after it has been delivered.
“I’m also sending out the cheque for the set of Business English reference books we bought COD on eBay.”
e.g. – exempli gratia (for example)
Pee Jay replied to the e-mail, “Hi everyone. Please remember that the boss doesn’t like surprises, e.g. everyone shouting ‘Surprise!’ in the cafeteria.”
et al. – et alii (and others). Usually used to list co-authors after the lead author in a bibliography, this form is now popularly used to address the other people other than the recipient in e-mails.
She received a new e-mail, which read, “Dear Pee Jay et al., I was reminded that the boss does NOT like surprises …”
etc. – et cetera (and so on OR and so forth)
This means that we will not be able to collectively surprise her by springing out of the cafeteria doors as we had planned, etc.
exc. – except
“Can everyone, exc. Pee Jay, be at the cafeteria in 5 minutes? We need to figure out a surprise without the surprise element. Thanks!”
FYI – for your information
Her boss’s voice brought the young assistant back to the present, “Pee Jay, I’m forwarding you all these e-mails FYI, okay?”
FYA – for your action
“Note that some of these e-mails are FYA …”
i.e. – id est (that is)
After acknowledging her supervisor, Pee Jay decided to help her colleagues out and typed, “She’s in a good mood today, i.e. we won a new account and completed a major project.”
K – thousand, e.g. 450K = 450,000
“Just to give you an idea of her mood, it’s a 450K retainer for the first quarter …”
PA – personal assistant
The immediate reply to Pee Jay’s e-mail read, “Thanks for the info, Pee Jay – you’re the best PA!”
p.a. – per annum (per year)
Pee Jay smiled and responded, “Haha, there is a reason why I’m paid RM65K p.a.”
p.p. – per pro (used when signing a document on someone’s behalf)
Looking back at her paperwork, Pee Jay signed some invoices on her boss’s behalf, inserting p.p. just before her signature.
Pto. – please turn over, used at the end of a page to indicate that there is a continuity to the text.
“By the way, please remember to type Pto. on the first page of the proposal you’re sending. The last time we sent it to him, he forgot to read the subsequent pages,” chimed in Kay El.
viz. – videlicet, namely
She got up and left a note on Pee Jay’s work station before leaving. Scribbled on it was, “Can I pass you my slice of birthday cake after I cut it? I really don’t need a lot of carbo, viz. refined flour, at my age.” The note ended with a wink.
Readers can go to http://www.acronymfinder.com/ to search for the meanings of over 4 million acronyms and abbreviations. This online dictionary also allows users to filter their search according to categories like information technology (IT), military and government, business and finance, science and medicine, organisations and schools, and slang and pop culture.